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Umbilical Cord Blood

Umbilical Cord Tissue

Stem Cell Research and Treatments

Costs of Family Saving

The Family Saving Process

Birth and Healthcare Professionals

Popular Questions

  • What is the difference between cord blood and cord tissue?

    A child’s umbilical cord holds a collection of vital stem cells. There are two primary types of newborn stem cells that have the potential to be used for different treatments: hematopoietic and mesenchymal. Hematopoietic stem cells are blood-forming cells with the ability to self-renew. Mesenchymal stem cells can form bone, cartilage, and tissue cells. Cord blood primarily contains hematopoietic stem cells and cord tissue predominantly contains mesenchymal stem cells. We believe that cord tissue is just as important to save as cord blood, both sets of stem cells will provide you with life enhancing opportunities if someone in your family get seriously ill.

  • What is the difference between cord blood and cord tissue?

    A child’s umbilical cord holds a collection of vital stem cells. There are two primary types of newborn stem cells that have the potential to be used for different treatments: hematopoietic and mesenchymal. Hematopoietic stem cells are blood-forming cells with the ability to self-renew. Mesenchymal stem cells can form bone, cartilage, and tissue cells. Cord blood primarily contains hematopoietic stem cells and cord tissue predominantly contains mesenchymal stem cells. We believe that cord tissue is just as important to save as cord blood, both sets of stem cells will provide you with life enhancing opportunities if someone in your family get seriously ill.

  • What is the difference between cord blood and cord tissue?

    A child’s umbilical cord holds a collection of vital stem cells. There are two primary types of newborn stem cells that have the potential to be used for different treatments: hematopoietic and mesenchymal. Hematopoietic stem cells are blood-forming cells with the ability to self-renew. Mesenchymal stem cells can form bone, cartilage, and tissue cells. Cord blood primarily contains hematopoietic stem cells and cord tissue predominantly contains mesenchymal stem cells. We believe that cord tissue is just as important to save as cord blood, both sets of stem cells will provide you with life enhancing opportunities if someone in your family get seriously ill.

  • Is it possible to delay cord clamping and still collect the cord blood?

    Yes. The parents decide, in consultation with the midwife, the time for cord clamping. However, we must be clear that the blood volume that can be collected depends on the time of clamping. Most of our customers wait 1-2 minutes before clamping. 

  • Is it possible to delay cord clamping and still collect the cord tissue?

    Yes, delayed cord clamping will not affect the collection of cord tissue. You as parents can wait for as long as you want to clamp the cord.

  • What is cord tissue?

    Cord tissue is essentially your baby's umbilical cord. The umbilical cord contains two arteries and one vein supported by an insulating tissue called Wharton’s jelly, which is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), that are fundamentally different from the stem cells found in cord blood. MSCs collected from cord tissue are multi-potent, meaning they have the ability to regenerate and differentiate into many different types of cells including cartilage, bone, fat and muscle. These unique properties make them promising for cellular therapies.

  • What is cord blood?

    Cord blood comes from a newborn's umbilical cord and is collected immediately after birth. Once the umbilical cord has been clamped and cut, the remaining blood in the umbilical cord is drawn into a collection bag.

  • Who collects the cord tissue?

    The collection of umbilical cord tissue is simple and can be done by anybody. In the Cellaviva box, instructions are found on how to clean the umbilical cord, how to cut (10 – 20 cm), then place it in a tissue can and cover with saline.

  • How much does it cost to save stem cells?

    How much it costs depends on which of our services you are interested in. We want to give every family the possibility to preserve their children’s stem cells. Therefor Cellaviva offers totally transparent costs of stem cell banking, and various payment options to fit this important step into almost every family budget.

  • How common is stem cells banking?

    More than 4 million children have their stem cells preserved in a family bank. There are today more than 300 stem cell banks, 200 private and 100 public, in more than 50 countries. In many states in the United States, it is mandatory to inform about the possibility of family-saving umbilical cord blood. Cellaviva is the first private stem cell bank in Sweden, but the concept is well established around the world.

  • How does the collection of the umbilical cord blood work?

    When the baby is born and the umbilical cord is cut, the midwife or Cellaviva staff collects the cord blood using a special collection bag. The cord is wiped with antiseptic and a needle is inserted into one of the veins in the umbilical cord, and the blood is allowed to flow freely into the collection bag. The procedure is painless, easy and takes 3-5 minutes. The delivery continues as usual with the placenta coming out. During the procedure, the baby is placed with the mother, skin against skin.

  • Who collects the cord blood?

    The collection of umbilical cord blood is done immediately after clamping. The collection is performed by the midwife or the Cellaviva staff and is completely painless and risk free for mother and baby. The cord blood, the umbilical cord and the placenta, is otherwise thrown away and treated like medical waste unless the mother expresses the desire to take care of it.

  • Is there any risk to the mother or baby when collecting stem cells at birth?

    There are no risks for the mother or baby to collect stem cells from the after birth. The placenta and the umbilical cord do not fill any function for the baby or mother after the umbilical cord has been cut. The procedure must not under any circumstances compromise the safety of the mother, the baby or any other person at the obstetrics clinic. It is always the midwife who decide whether it is appropriate to collect stem cells.

  • What type of stem cells are collected?

    The umbilical cord tissue contains blood vessels supported by tissue called Wharton’s jelly, which is a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are different from the stem cells found in cord blood. MSCs collected from cord tissue are multi-potent, meaning they have the ability to regenerate and differentiate into many different types of cells.

    The umbilical cord blood contain mainly hematopoietic or blood stem cells. Blood stem cells can develop into white and red blood cells as well as platelets. Blood stem cells are found in the bone marrow and in the umbilical cord blood.

  • Where are stem cells located?

    Stem cells are found in different places in our bodies, for example, in the bone marrow, brain and teeth. We have stem cells throughout the body, but there are few tissues that have as high density stem cells as the umbilical cord and placenta.

  • Which clinics cooperate with Cellaviva?

    Our hope is to cooperate with all clinics and offer Cellaviva’s services throughout Sweden. We offer trainings to all staff at obstetrics and maternity care in how the collection is done. Please contact us if you have any questions regarding the collaboration with the clinic where you plan to give birth.

  • Does Cellaviva compete with the national blood bank for umbilical cord blood?

    In many countries, both public and private biobanks co-exist and they work well together. We feel that our biobank is complementary. The national umbilical cord blood bank’s need for donations is less than 1% of the births, and family saving is approx 2-5% of births in countries comparable to Sweden. Donation is possible at two different hospitals, but family saving can be done throughout Sweden, provided the clinic is willing to help the parents with the collection of the blood.

  • Who is the licensor?

    The Health and Social Care Inspectorate (IVO) is the licensor and regularly inspects Cellaviva. We comply with high quality requirements to ensure that the handling of stem cells is performed satisfactorily and of high quality. The quality and routines are according to the tissue laws.

  • What about the research?

    There is research in a variety of treatment areas and diseases, such as diabetes, cerebral palsy, autism and brain damage. Thousands of studies on stem cells from umbilical cord blood and umbilical cord tissue are estimated to aim at finding new treatments for regenerative and transplant medication. 

  • How are stem cells from the umbilical cord used for treatments today?

    It is now a well-established therapy for treating various blood disorders, such as leukemia. Stem cells from the umbilical cord is used to treat more than 80 diseases today. The most common use of stem cells stored in private banks is sibling donation for the treatment of leukemia.

  • Is it possible for the father/partner to cut the umbilical cord?

    It is possible. The collection of the cord blood is then performed by the midwife or the Cellaviva staff. If the partner wants to collect the umbilical cord tissue, it is possible if he/she has studied the instruction carefully before.

  • How do I use the service of Cellaviva?

    The Cellaviva box, ordered by the parents, contains everything needed for the collection of stem cells from both the umbilical cord blood and cord tissue. The Cellaviva box also contain information, agreement, consent and health declaration. The mother needs to fill in the documents as soon as possible and send them back to Cellaviva.

  • The midwife has promised to help with the collection, can I be sure that it will work?

    There is much that can happen during a birth and it is the midwife´s overall assessment at each individual delivery, which determines whether a collection is possible. The collection must under no circumstances compromise the safety of the mother, the baby or any other person. The midwife has the full confidence of Cellaviva and it is always the midwife who decide if it is appropriate to collect umbilical cord blood. Collection of umbilical cord tissue is not time-critical in the same way and can in principle always be carried out.

  • How is cord tissue collected?

    Following the cord blood collection and after the placenta is expelled, a section of the cord (15-20 cm) will be cut and placed in the container supplied by Cellaviva.

  • If I stored stem cells privately for one child, do I need to do it for additional children?

    Yes, all the reasons for why you saved the stem cells of your first child are still valid for additional children. Saving stem cells for each child gives your family more options because:

    - Each child has access to his or her own genetically unique cells. Your baby may use the stem cells for a number of diseases, however, not generally for inherited genetic conditions. In those cases, a matched sibling’s stem cells would be the first choice. For experimental regenerative medicine therapies that use cord blood, the child’s own stem cells are currently required.

    - There is increased likelihood that a family member in need will have access to a related source of cord stem cells for treatment.

    - Expecting identical twins? It is still important to save cord stem cells for each child as it is extremely difficult to determine if twins are indeed identical. Each child’s cord stem cells are preserved separately at Cellaviva.